Ambassador Li Chao: Celebrating 100th Anniversary of the Founding of the Communist Party of China

As an ancient nation with five thousand years of civilization, China had a glorious history. However, since modern times, due to the invasion of imperialist powers and the wars between the warlords, China had suffered century long humiliation. China had been struggling in the quagmire of a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. Sovereignty was subjected to foreign powers while state governance was in loss. The people lived in poverty and despair. China was jokingly called "the sick man of East Asia" by foreigners. In order to save the nation from subjugation, countless had dedicated to patriotic fights and pressed ahead against the odds. Almost all possible political models, including constitutional monarchy, presidential system, parliamentary system and multi-party system, were practiced to keep the nation stand as a whole. Despite all the efforts, the plight of the Chinese people was unchanged. On July 1, 1921, the Communist Party of China (CPC) was established. After 28 years of painful struggle and hard fight, the CPC has united the Chinese people and toppled the three mountains of imperialism, feudalism, and bureaucratic capitalism. The People's Republic of China (PRC) was established and a new era started in China's history, in which people run the country and became the true masters of the society and their own destiny.

In the early days of the PRC, the country and its people were in dire poverty and much remained to be done. With great efforts, the CPC and the Chinese people completed socialist revolution, established socialism as China's basic system and built up the relatively complete industrial system and national economic system. On December 18, 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC decided to implement the reform and opening up policy based on the experience of socialist construction, which greatly liberated and developed the social productive forces. China therefore has created the "two miracles" of rapid economic development and long-term social stability, becoming the world's second largest economy, the largest industrial manufacturer, the largest trader of goods and the top recipient of investment flows. China's annual average contribution to global economic growth has been above 30 percent for many years. China feeds nearly 20% of the world's population with 6.6% of the freshwater resources and 9% of the arable land in the world. Its per capita GDP has increased from US$200 in 1980 to more than US$10,000 in 2020.

Since the reform and opening up policy practice, China has lifted 770 million rural people out of poverty, becoming the first developing country to achieve the poverty reduction goal of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals, contributing more than 70% of the global poverty reduction. China has also established the world's largest social welfare system, including pensions, medical care, subsistence allowances and housing. The basic pension insurance system covers nearly 1 billion people, and basic medical insurance policy covers more than 1.3 billion people. The average life expectancy of Chinese residents has increased from 35 in 1949 to 77.3 in 2019.

Since the founding of the party a hundred years ago, the CPC has always adhered to its original aspiration and founding mission of seeking happiness for the people and succeeded in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. Now, the CPC has embarked on a new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way. In November 2020, the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC endorsed "The CPC Central Committee's proposals for formulating the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-Range Objectives Through the Year 2035", designing China's development blueprint. China will unswervingly implement the new development concept of innovation, coordination, greenness, openness, and sharing, establish a new dual-cycle development pattern with the domestic cycle as the mainstay and the domestic and international cycles reinforcing each other, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities so as to basically realize socialist modernization by 2035. By the middle of the century, on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the PRC, China will comprehensively build a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful modern socialist country.

In the stormy course of a hundred years long history, the Chinese Communists have always adhered to the people-centered development, kept in mind of people stand, and successfully established a socialist development path with Chinese characteristics. The advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics are obviously recognized. Facing the outbreak of COVID-19, the Chinese government put the people and their lives first and the Chinese people are united as a whole. We have achieved a major strategic outcome in combating the pandemic, fully demonstrating China's spirit, strength and responsibility. China upholds both universality and particularity of human rights, advancing all aspects of human rights in all dimensions and fields throughout the whole process. People of all ethnic groups in China enjoy the same and common status and rights and participate as equals in administering state affairs. The socialism ethnic relations featuring equality, unity, and harmony have been developed and consolidated. In accordance with the concept of "one country, two systems", the Chinese central government successfully resolved the issue of the sovereignty right return of Hong Kong and Macao to China, which not only make an important step in the reunification cause of China but also provide a new way for the international community to solve the issues left over by history between countries in a peaceful manner. In the future, China will ensure that "one country, two systems" will be applied without being bent or distorted and keep advancing in the right direction. In May this year, the Zhurong rover successfully landed on Mars. On June 17, the Shenzhou-12 manned spacecraft successfully conducted a fast autonomous rendezvous and docking with the Tianhe space station core module. Three Chinese astronauts entered the Tianhe core capsule one after another, marking the first entry of the Chinese people into their own space station.

At present, China's economy and society are developing rapidly. People are living and working in safety and stability. The CPC and the Chinese people have strong confidence in the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. A survey conducted by the Harvard Kennedy School shows that the Chinese government under the leadership of the CPC has gained over 93% satisfaction among the Chinese people. People of all countries have the right to choose the development path that suits their national conditions. China does not "import" foreign models nor does it "export" Chinese model. The CPC has been committed to the path of peaceful development from the very beginning and actively advocated the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. Since the founding of the PRC, China has never proactively provoked a war or conflict. It is the only country in the world that peaceful development terminology has been written into its Constitution. As a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, China actively safeguards the international system with the United Nations as the core and the international order based on the international law. It practices true multilateralism and is the second largest contributor to the budgets of the United Nations and peacekeeping activity. In recent years, China has vigorously promoted the international cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative based on the principles of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, injecting impetus into global development. China actively promotes the building of a community with a shared future for mankind and provides China's solutions and wisdom for poverty reduction, climate change and other global issues. After taking the lead in controlling COVID-19, China has provided more than 450 million doses of vaccines to the international community, including vaccine assistance to nearly 100 countries and vaccine exports to 40 plus countries. China has announced to provide the first batch of 10 million doses of vaccines to the COVAX which will be used for the urgent needs of developing countries.

Under the leadership of CPC, the Chinese nation has achieved a tremendous transformation, from independence, richness to consolidation. It now embraces the brilliant prospects of rejuvenation. The Chinese people, while celebrating the 100th anniversary of the founding of CPC, support the CPC wholeheartedly and are confident in the future of China and themselves. The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a path of development featuring unremitting self-improvement, a course of peaceful independence, a route of mutual benefit by win-win cooperation and a way to justice with the world in mind. The development of China is an opportunity for the world. A developing and growing China will surely make greater contributions to world peace and stability. The CPC will continue to stick to its original aspirations and work with all countries to build a better world.

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